This congressional bill would "expand the use of open textbooks in order to achieve savings for students." First introduced in Congress in 2013, the Affordable College Textbook Act was reintroduced in 2015 and again in 2017 as H.R.3840 and S.1864.
The ebook Open Education: International Perspectives in Higher Education is now available for free (as PDF or HTML) on the publisher's website. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0), which allows you to freely share, copy, distribute, and transmit the work.
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Open educational resources (OER) are teaching, learning, and research resources that are in the public domain or have been released with an open license (often a Creative Commons license). Anyone can freely use, copy, adapt, and reshare OER.
They encompass textbooks, full courses, syllabi, test questions, lecture notes, assignments, software, videos, lab notes, games, and more.
According to opencontent.org, to be considered "open," educational resources must be free and give users the freedom to do the 5 R's:
Creative Commons licensing is at the heart of the OER movement. CC allows creators to specify more flexible forms of copyright that allows "others to copy, distribute, and make some uses of their work."
Look for copyright information (often at the bottom of webpages). Creative Commons licensed material sometimes displays clickable icons that indicate the specifics of licensing. Examples: